1) How many liters of a 70% alcohol solution must be added to 50 liters of a 40% alcohol solution to produce a 50% alcohol solution?
2) How many ounces of pure water must be added to 50 ounces of a 15% saline solution to make a saline solution that is 10% salt?
3) A car and a bus set out at 2 m. from the same point, headed in the same direction. The average speed of the car is 30 mph slower than twice the speed of the bus. In two hours, the car is 20 miles ahead of the bus. Find the rate of the car.